By Jonah Doctura | 2015.
Exodus from Egypt occurred in the middle of the month of Nisan, immediately following the first Passover, according to the Scripture.
The mixed-multitude of Israelites journeyed for 44 days until the third new moon (or the 1st day of the month of Sivan, Ex 19:11), when they encamped opposite Mount Sinai, the place where Moses was initially commissioned.
Moses then ascended the mountain and the L-RD commanded him to tell the leaders that if they would obey the L-RD and keep His covenant, then they would be the L-RD´s "kingdom of priests" and "holy nation"(Ex 19:5-6). After delivering the message, the people responded by proclaiming, kol asher diber Adonai ma´aseh ("all that the L-RD has spoken, we shall do").
Moses then returned to the mountain and was told to command the people to sanctify themselves before the L-RD descended upon the mountain in three days. The people were to abstain from worldly comforts and not so much as touch (under penalty of death) the boundaries of the mountain. "Be ready for the third day; for on the third day the L-RD will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people."
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