Yom Kippur: The Day of Atonement
BY RICHARD SISON | 2017
The Day of Atonement is considered as the holiest day in the calendar of the Jewish people. The Scripture calls this as Shabbat Shabbaton, the “Sabbath of the Sabbaths” (Lev 23:26-32). During this time of complete fasting, the Jewish people devote themselves to individual and communal repentance, teshuvah, returning to the right way. In Deut 30:15-16 Moses laid out before the children of Israel the two ways, “See, I have set before you today life and prosperity, and death and adversity; in that I command you today to love the L-RD your G-d, to walk in His ways and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His judgments, that you may live and multiply, and that the L-RD your G-d may bless you in the land where you are entering to possess it.”
Because the Yom Kippur marks the end of this special forty-day period of repentance, it is characterized by a sense of urgency and solemnity. The phrase, "Write us in the Book of Life", which is recited throughout Yom Teruah which is recited throughout Rosh Hashanah, is changed to, "Seal us in the Book of Life". The day ends with a long blast of the shofar, sounding a final appeal for G-D`s forgiveness as well as proclaiming the hope of the messianic and redemption.
It is better that we judge ourselves now that to be judged with the ungodly in the final
The Decree to Follow. "It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever." Leviticus 16:29-34
The Distinct Quality. In Leviticus 23:32 the Bible called Yom Kippur as Shabbat Shabbaton (written in original Hebrew) or the Sabbath of Sabbaths. Because of this, the Jewish people consider this as the holiest of all the appointed "moed" (Heb: Feasts) of Elohim.
This is an appointed Feast that has a severe punishment if violated.
The Dawn of the Practice. For this reason it is ordained for the children of Israel that they should afflict themselves on the tenth of the seventh month - on the day that the news which made Jacob weep for Joseph - that they should make atonement for themselves thereon with a young goat on the tenth of the seventh month, once a year, for their sins; for they had grieved the affection of their father regarding Joseph his son. And this day has been ordained that they should grieve thereon for their sins and for all their transgression and for all their errors, so that they might cleanse themselves on that day once a year. (Jubilee 34:10-19)
The Drill in Temple Times. We have to take note that process to be done by the high priest as commanded by the L-RD is the same process that Yeshua took when He ascended to Heaven except that He did not need to atone for Himself because He is sinless and He need not use the blood of the animals but rather use His own blood, which is perfect for the atonement of mankind (v 14). However, this passage does not say that believers should not observe Yom Kippur anymore.
The Day of Visitation. The replacement of the Ten Commandments was presented again to the children of Israel on Yom Kippur. We celebrate the re-given of the Commandments when we observe Yom Kippur.
The Diary of the Events. The Day of Visitation is a day when the L-RD judges the people and it is always equated with Yom Kippur. Apostle Paul confidently declared that one day, all Israel will be saved (Rom 11:26).
The Deliverance of the People. When the L-RD will come on Yom Teruah, the Jews will be in Ten Days of Awe and on Yom Kippur, Yeshua will be the "covering" or shield of His people (Ps 115:9).
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