The Book of Revelation, known simply as Revelation or the Apocalypse, is a book of the Newer Covenant that occupies a central place in Christian eschatology. Its title is derived from the first word of the text, written in Koinee Greek: apokalypsis, meaning "unveiling" or "revelation". The Book of Revelation is the only apocalyptic document in the New Testament canon.
The book of Revelation and its prophetic content is the most talked about and often the most controversial topic in the christendom. In as much as many liked it, many detested it also and for others, it is fearsome. The controversy of this book started in the early second century because it was specifically written only to a group of congregations in Asia Minor that do not go well with the rest of the Christian world. Many early congregations (also known as "churches") felt sidelined and thought that the messages in the book was not really meant for them.
As part of a good hermeneutical study, we have to determine the historical background of the first century that provides the political, social, geographical, economic and religious landscape of the time of the writing for us to better understand what is exactly going on.