Ephesus (which means “desirable”) - the congregation that had forsaken its first love (2:4) Smyrna (which means “sweet smelling,” like myrrh) - the congregation that would suffer persecution (2:10). Pergamos (which means “elevation” or “exalted”) - the congregation that hold to the teachings of Balaam and the Nicolaitans (2:14-15). Thyatira (which means “sacrifice of contrition” or “sweet savor of labor”) - the congregation that had a false prophetess (2:20). Sardis (which means “renewal”) - the congregation that had fallen asleep (3:2) Philadelphia (which means “brotherly love”) - the congregation that had kept G-D’s word (3:10). Laodicea (which means “judgment” or “judging the people”) - the congregation with the lukewarm faith (3:16).
The Summary of Messages The desirable, sweet smelling exalted sacrifice of contrition is a renewal of brotherly love to pass judgment. G-D knows your works. Don’t lose your first love for G-D, that is to keep His commandments. Remain faithful in the face of tribulation and poverty. Resist Satan’s influence, even to death, if necessary. Resist false teachings. Remain zealous and pure in conduct. Persevere and walk through the doors G-D opens and hold fast what you have, in order that no one take your crown. Don’t become lukewarm about G-D’s way of life. Those whom He loves, He reproves and disciplines; be zealous therefore and repent. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the Ekklesia.