By Jonah Doctura | 2017
As a believers, we need to understand the Torah/Tanakh is the foundation of the New Testament. Yeshua the Messiah is the fulfillment of prophecies of the Law and the Prophets. The Messiah's death and the establishment of a New Covenant is a chief focus of the Tanakh.
The Messiah would come, suffer and die for the sins of the world; through the Messiah's death, G-D would establish a New Covenant. The New Covenant would establish an eternal relationship between G-D and fallen humanity.
The New Testament Canon confirms and testifies to the life of Yeshua the Messiah, who established the New Covenant in accordance to the Old Testament canon.
"Yeshua was born, grew up and spent His ministry among people who knew Scripture by memory, who debated its application with enthusiasm, and who love G-D with all their hearts, souls and might." -Bro. Jonah Doctura, Elder-
The Torah is the Written Law. It consists of the books of the Hebrew Bible called the Tanakh. Tanakh is an acronym for Torah (instructions), Nevi'im (Prophets) and K'tuvim (Writings).
The Word Torah and its Meaning. It is a scroll made from kosher animal parchment, with the entire text of the Five Books of Moshe written in it by a ritual scribe.
The Five Books of Moshe. Any printed version of the Torah can be called a Chumash or Pentateuch; this is as Moshe received it from YHWH at Mount Sinai and written word by word.
The Entire Body of Jewish Law. In Rabbinical Judaism, this includes the Written and the Oral Law, which includes the Mishnah, the Midrash and the Talmud written during the Babylonian captivity and even latter day legal commentaries.
The Oral Law. The Oral Law also comprises the legal and interpretative traditions that, according to tradition, were transmitted orally by YHWH to Moshe in conjunction with the Written Torah. The Oral Law was ultimately recorded in the Mishnah, the Talmud and Midrash.
An Unbroken Chain of Transmission. The distinctive feature of this view was that Oral Law was "conveyed by word of mouth and memorized".
The Interpretative Tradition. In this view, the written Torah was seen as containing many levels of interpretation. It was left to later generations, who were steeped in the oral tradition of interpretation, to discover those ("hidden") interpretations not revealed by Moshe.
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